Модальные глаголы may & might в грамматике английского языка

Modal verbs may, might, might have done, may have done, might be doing, may be doing, might as well in English language grammar

Использование ‘may’ и ‘might’ для выражения возможности.
Using ‘may’ and ‘might’ for possibility

He might go to the cinema this evening.
He may go to the cinema this evening.
Meaning: it’s possible that he will go.

He might not go to the cinema this evening.
He may not go to the cinema this evening.
Meaning: it’s possible that he will not go.

It might rain. It may rain.
So, perhaps it will rain.

It might not rain. It may not rain.
So, perhaps it won’t rain.

Использование: Мы используем ‘may’ или ‘might’, когда мы хотим сказать, что для нас является возможным что-то сделать и возможно мы это сделаем и то произойдет. ‘may’ = ‘might’ и они используются равнозначно.
We use ‘might’ or ‘may’ when we want to say that something is possible and probably will do it and it will happen. May = Might, we use them in the same way.

В прошедшем времени мы используем конструкции ‘may have done‘ или ‘might have done‘.
For the past we use ‘may have done’ or ‘might have done’

He might have gone to the cinema last evening.
He may have gone to the cinema last evening.
Meaning: perhaps he went to the cinema.

He might not have gone to the cinema last evening.
He may not have gone to the cinema last evening.
Meaning: perhaps he didn’t go there.

It might have rained. It may have rained.
So, perhaps it rained.

It might not have rained. It may not have rained.
So, perhaps it didn’t rain.

Форма продолженного времени ‘may be doing’ or ‘might be doing’.
Continuous form is ‘may be doing’ or ‘might be doing’.

Don’t phone at 9 pm. He might be watching football on TV.
Don’t phone at 9 pm. He may be watching football on TV.
Meaning: perhaps he will be watching it.

Phone at 9 pm. He might not be watching football.
Phone at 9 pm. He may not be watching football.
Meaning: perhaps he will not be watching at that moment.

Использование ‘May’ для того, чтобы спросить разрешение.
Using ‘May’ for permission

May I ask a question? = Is it Ok to ask?
May I sit here? = Is it OK if I take this place?

Выражение Might as well

There is no busses or taxis here. But it’s a wonderful day today. We might as well walk home.

Мы используем конструкцию ‘might as well’, когда мы предлагаем что-то сделать, обычно когда больше нет каких либо альтернатив как и причин этого не делать.
We use ‘might as well’ when we suggest doing something, often when there is no better alternative. There is no reason not to do it.

Тесты, которые вам понадобятся:

Связанные правила:

Связанные юниты в English grammar in use (Elementary). R. Murph

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Связанные юниты в English grammar in use (Intermidiate). R. Murphy

  • 29, 30

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