Глагол to be в английском языке

Глагол to be (am, is, are, was, were, will be)

Утверждение:

Настоящее время:
I am a student.
You are 25 years old.
We are good friends.
They are married.
He is a teacher.
She is afraid of dogs.
It is very hot.

Прошедшее время:

I was a student.
You were 25 years old.
We were good friends.
They were married.
He was a teacher.
She was afraid of dogs.
It was very hot.

Будущее время время:

I will be a student.
You will be 25 years old.
We will be good friends.
They will be married.
He will be a teacher.
She will be afraid of dogs.
It will be very hot.

Примечание:
Вы также можете использовать короткие формы глагола ‘to be’. I am = I’m; you are = you’re; they are = they’re, we are = we’re, he is = he’s; she is =she’s; I will be = I’ll be и так далее


Отрицание:

Настоящее время:
I am not a student.
You are not 25 years old.
We are not good friends.
They are not married.
He is not a teacher.
She is not afraid of dogs.
It is not very hot.

Прошедшее время:
I was not a student.
You were not 25 years old.
We were not good friends.
They were not married.
He was not a teacher.
She was not afraid of dogs.
It was not very hot.

Будущее время время:
I will not be a student.
You will not be 25 years old.
We will not be good friends.
They will not be married.
He will not be a teacher.
She will not be afraid of dogs.
It will not be very hot.

Примечание:
Вы также можете использовать короткие формы глагола ‘to be’. I am not = I’m not; you are not = you’re not or you aren’t; he is not = he’s not or he isn’t; I will be not = I won’t be и так далее


Вопросительные предложения:
Настоящее время:
Am I a student?
Are you 25 years old?
Are we good friends?
Are they married?
Is he a teacher?
Is she afraid of dogs?
Is it very hot?

Прошедшее время:
Was I a student?
Were you 25 years old?
Were we good friends?
Were they married?
Was he a teacher?
Was she afraid of dogs?
Was it very hot?

Будущее время время:
Will I be a student?
Will you be 25 years old?
Will we be good friends?
Will they be married?
Will he be a teacher?
Will she be afraid of dogs?
Will it be very hot?

Примечание:
Вы можете использовать короткие ответы. Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. Yes, she was. No, she wasn’t. Yes I will. No, I won’t.


Использование:
Глагол to be переводится как “быть”, “являться кем-то / чем-то”, “находиться где-то” и относится к простым временам в английской грамматике. Но, в силу того, что у глагол имеет много форм; образует отрицание и вопрос по другому, чем простые времена; и является составной частью других конструкций (например, пассивный залог), то он рассматривается отдельно от простых времен.

Тесты, которые вам понадобятся:

Связанные правила:

Связанные юниты в English grammar in use (Elementary). R. Murph

  • 1, 2

Еще по теме:

Пожалуйста, оцените публикацию

  1. 5
  2. 4
  3. 3
  4. 2
  5. 1
(7 голосов, 5 из 5)